"But the further goal of this is that nations take responsibility, that communities take responsibility and that the global community take responsibility", said Berit Reiss-Andersen, chairwoman of the committee, which bestowed the $1.01-million prize. She was enslaved and raped by Islamic State in Iraq and Syria fighters in Mosul, Iraq, in 2014. Mukwege has also campaigned around the world to bring an end to the use of rape as a weapon of war, and he is a vocal critic of the Congolese government, which he has accused of human rights abuses.
Ms Murad said yesterday that she was "incredibly honoured and humbled", adding that she shared the award with all Iraqis, Kurds, minorities and survivors of sexual violence worldwide.
The Nobel committee said Murad had shown "uncommon courage" in recounting her own sufferings and speaking up on behalf of other victims. Nadia Murad talks openly about the violence against others and against itself. The resolution reiterated the obligations on states to take special measures to protect women and girls in armed conflict, and to hold perpetrators to account for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes including those relating to sexual and other violence against women and girls. Denis Mukwege is a Congolese gynecologist who, along with his colleagues, has treated tens of thousands of victims, reports the BBC. "A more peaceful world can only be achieved if the security of women - especially in conflict zone - can be assured".
Sexual violence as a weapon of war has been going on for centuries, but it was only recently acknowledged as a crime against humanity with the UN's adoption in 2008 of Resolution 1820.
Nadia Murad and Denis Mukwege were notified Friday that they were the recipients of the distinguished honor.
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The S-400 system, which is effective against aircraft as well as ballistic and cruise missiles, has a maximum range of 250 miles. In recent years, the USA has also become a significant source, with purchases adding up to $15 billion over the past decade.
Murad, a member of the Yazidi minority in Iraq, was captured by the Islamic State as it overran villages in the Sinjar district.
Ms Murad was 21 in 2014 when ISIS militants attacked the village where she had grown up in northern Iraq.
The award will be presented at a ceremony in Oslo on December 10, the anniversary of the death of prize creator Alfred Nobel, a Swedish philanthropist and scientist who died in 1896.
The 2018 prize is worth 9 million Swedish kronor (€880,000 or $1.01 million).