India regular test openers Shikhar Dhawan and Murali Vijay were dropped after poor form during the recent tour of England.
Meanwhile, Shaw who played only 14 First-Class matches prior to his Test debut, became the least experienced "batsman" to make Test debut for India since Sachin (9 FC matches).
Bhuvneshwar Kumar and Jasprit Bumrah have been rested for the Tests. Gabriel trapped his opening partner Rahul in front with a sharp incoming delivery to give the West Indies an early breakthrough. Left-arm wrist-spinner Kuldeep Yadav is expected to join finger spinners and all-rounders Ravindra Jadeja and R Ashwin.
Kohli, who was criticised for sitting out the Asia Cup won by the Rohit Sharma-led India in the United Arab Emirates, said rest in between long tours will be key for keeping players fit ahead of the World Cup in 2019. In less than a week's time after defending their title as the Asian Champions, they are back to Test cricket facing West Indies in a two-match series. They have nine series losses in their last 13 Test series while managing to win two and draw two. It all started with a lovely back-foot punch towards the cover-point region that helped the 18-year-old accumulate three runs.
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Nonetheless, conditions are going to be different in India and both the batting and the bowling unit needs to adapt and adapt quickly. Even after losing the wicket of KL Rahul in the very first over, India is a wonderful situation right now, thanks to Prithvi Shaw and Cheteswara Pujara.
At 18 years and 329 days, Shaw became the fourth youngest batsman to have the first ball of a Test and he also was the youngest Test debutant for India in a decade.
West Indies: Jason Holder (c), Kraigg Brathwaite, Kieran Powell, Shai Hope, Shimron Hetmyer, Roston Chase, Shane Dowrich (wk), Devendra Bishoo, Keemo Paul, Sherman Lewis, Shannon Gabriel.