Ronaldo's nomination comes after the 33 year old last week denied rape allegations levelled against him by a woman who sued him in court in the United States.
Victory in the Champions League for the third consecutive season and their players among the World Cup finalists in Russian Federation have resulted in the Spanish side being well represented.
The first five Ballon d'Or nominees have been named and a number of Premier League players feature prominently on the list.
The names are released in groups of five throughout the day, with the full 30-player shortlist eventually being drawn up ahead of the awards ceremony in Paris on 3 December.
Messi and Neymar did not enjoy World Cups as memorable as Mbappe's, but they were instrumental in Barcelona and PSG's respective title wins.
England only have one representative on the list in Harry Kane while Gareth Bale is also among the nominees.
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Real Madrid midfielder Isco, Liverpool's Brazilian Roberto Firmino and Uruguay's rugged defender Diego Godin of Atletico Madrid also got the nod.
A panel of journalists select the Ballon d'Or victor which was first established in 1956 and will this year feature a women's award for the first time.
Other nominees are Pernille Harder, Lindsey Horan, Fran Kirby, Sam Kerr, Lieke Martens, Megan Rapinoe and Christine Sinclair.
Kylian Mbappe is third-favourite after winning the World Cup with France at the age of 19, with 6-1 odds.
The Ballon d'Or has been awarded by France Football every year since 1956, with former England worldwide Sir Stanley Matthews the first victor.
The victor will be announced on December 3.