The United States will begin collecting 25 percent tariffs on another $16 billion in Chinese goods on August 23, the U.S. Trade Representative's office said on Tuesday as it published a final tariff list targeting 279 imported product lines.
Washington had already imposed tariffs on Dollars 34 billion on July 6 but held off on a final USD 16 billion in goods as a result of concerns from USA companies.
The step brought the total worth of Chinese goods facing a 25 percent tariff to $50 billion.
The office of US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said its "exhaustive" investigation showed that "China's acts, policies and practices related to technology transfer, intellectual property and innovation are unreasonable and discriminatory and burden US commerce".
China has already retaliated with duties of its own, and has pledged to match the United States dollar for dollar with new tariffs. Washington applied a 25% tariff on Chinese imports including airplane tires and various industrial parts. And President Donald Trump has threatened to impose tariffs on virtually everything China sells to the United States.
A spokesman for the commerce ministry described the latest round of US tariffs as "very unreasonable".
All in all, China's trade surplus with the U.S. shrank to $28.08 billion in July against $28.97 billion in the previous month.
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After a strong start to the year, growth in the world's second-largest economy cooled slightly in the second quarter, partly hit by the government's years-long efforts to tackle debt risks. Last year, China imported about $130 billion of USA goods.
The surplus with the United States was higher than China's overall trade surplus in July, which was $28.05 billion, indicating China ran a net trade deficit with the world excluding the U.S.
April 4: China rolls out a listof more than 100 USA goods worth roughly $50 billion that are subject to retaliatory tariffs.
In the meantime, it sought public comment on the new items.
China has repeatedly warned it will strike back against any further punitive measures by Trump, saying the United States is threatening the global free trade order with its protectionism.
China has been retaliating in kind.
John Neuffer, president and CEO of the Semiconductor Industry Association, said in a statement they were disappointed and puzzled why semiconductors remain on the final tariff list.