Six years later he became the lunar module pilot in the second USA mission to the Moon: Apollo 12.
After retiring from NASA, he became an artist.
Bean was a Navy test pilot before being selected to become an astronaut in 1963. But he gave it up because "the more I thought about it, the more I realized there were young men and women at NASA in the astronaut office that could fly the shuttle as good as I could or better, but I was the only one interested in trying to do this other job".
"There is an evident sincerity, diligence, and restraint, coupled with a momentous subject that the artist clearly knows intimately, but he does not exploit or sensationalize", Roberta Smith wrote in The Times in June 2009, in a review of the paintings on Mr. Bean's website.
In 1973, he commanded the second crewed flight to the first United States space station, orbiting the Earth for 59 days and travelling 24.4 million miles - one of 11 world records he set in the fields of space and aeronautics.
The fourth man to walk on the moon, Alan Bean (in 2008), has died at age 86, following a sudden illness.
Irish pro-choice campaigners pledge to back N Ireland abortion reform supporters
Women celebrate the result of yesterday's referendum on liberalizing abortion law, in Dublin, Ireland , May 26, 2018 . Mrs Yelagi also told the BBC's Swati Patil: "We are thankful to those who fought the battle for my daughter".
Twelve astronauts ultimately walked on the moon in six Apollo missions.
On November 19, 1969, Bean, together with Apollo 12 commander Charles "Pete" Conrad, landed on the Ocean of Storms and became the fourth human to walk on the moon.
"A lot of things I think about come from the right side of my brain", he said in 2007.
Bean was born in 1932, in Wheeler, Texas, and received a Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering from the University of Texas in 1955. "He was a one of a kind combination of technical achievement as an astronaut and artistic achievement as a painter". He depicted his imagination by showing lunar boot prints and small pieces of his mission patches, covered with moon dust.
Many fellow space explorers posted tributes to Bean on Twitter.
Retired astronaut Scott Kelly said on Twitter that the world had not only lost "a spaceflight pioneer. but also an exceptional artist that brought his experience back to Earth to share with the world".
Beam is survived by his wife Leslie, sister Paula Stott, and children Amy Sue and son Clay.