Several people in Germany were injured when police used pepper spray against some demonstrators opposed to Turkey's ongoing military operation "Olive Branch" against the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) in Syria's Afrin region.
The military said on Tuesday that forces encircled Afrin and also gained the control "areas of critical importance" in the region as of Monday.
But the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Turkish Army and allied Syrian rebels had encircled the city of Afrin, 90 villages, and a nearby town. Syria's Al-Ikhbariya TV showed cars, trucks and tractors loaded with civilians driving out of the town.
Redur Xelil, head of foreign relations for the Syrian Democratic Forces, a US-backed alliance of fighters that includes the YPG, accused the Turkish forces of carrying out "demographic change" in Kurdish territory captured in Afrin.
Azad Mohamed, a 32-year old resident, said his relatives were fired upon as they tried to escape Monday, forcing them to turn back. "I am afraid and I feel like there is a volcano in my belly".
The move appears to have angered the Islamic State group that controls two areas adjacent to Qadam. "Their families will never forgive them if they leave", he said.
The Turkish Armed Forces announced on Tuesday that the Afrin town centre, in northwestern Syria, has been surrounded since Monday as part of the Turkish-led Operation Olive Brach.
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Meanwhile the Syrian regime is trying to crush Syrian rebel groups in eastern Ghouta on the outskirts of the capital Damascus.
"Basic humanitarian needs, including health services of civilians in the operation area have been met "devotedly", it said. SAMS said some 1,034 people still inside the enclave need immediate medical evacuation. Its statement said the deal with the Russians was reached through the United Nations.
The Syrian government and the Russian military have set up a corridor outside the besieged eastern Ghouta to arrange the evacuation from the area which is home to some 400,000 people.
Military Media said buses had transported around 300 fighters from the Ajnad al-Sham group and their families from al-Qadam to Idlib province, a rebel-held area in the north, fulfilling a prior agreement between the army and the militants.
He added that "we will stay in our Ghouta to defend it until we achieve one of two good things", he said using an Islamic term that means either "victory or martyrdom".
Opposition activists say that since the latest wave of bombings and ground offensive began, more than 1,100 civilians have been killed in eastern Ghouta.