However, the verdict has put a rider on the "living will" for being permitted with legally valid permission from the family members of the person seeking passive euthanasia and decision by a team of expert doctors that the said person as a patient could not be revived.
When the sanctity of life was destroyed, said a panel of five judges headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, "Should we not allow them to cross the door and meet death with dignity?"
"Today, the Supreme Court has delivered a historic judgment". "In our considered opinion, advance medical directive would serve as a fruitful means to facilitate the fructification of the sacrosanct right to life with dignity", he said. Doctors have to give due weight to the instructions in the document but only after fully satisfying themselves that the person is terminally ill with no hope of being cured. Govt should come up with a policy: "Mr & Mrs Lavate, who had asked for euthanasia".
"Free will includes the right of a person to refuse medical treatment", he said.
Lawyers Arvind Datar, Colin Gonsalves and Prashant Bhushan said that apex court judgement has "cleared the air" on passive euthanasia which was "long overdue".
Nunberg: Trump 'never did anything illegal or wrong around me'
I would guess that Nunberg has a lot of information of value to Mueller, especially in his email communications. That Nunberg actually recognizes the value and intelligence of a Black woman, is, I hope, a life lesson for him.
Advocate Prashant Bhushan, appearing for the NGO, said since a patient in a coma can not express his or her wishes, the law should allow him or her to put down in writing in advance that he or she should not be tortured.
By the landmark verdict, The Supreme Court of India has declared "passive euthanasia" legal on March9th2018 including the "right to die" under the fundamental right of right to dignity.
The court also spelt the guidelines to be followed in cases where there would be no advance directive, saying that such persons can not be "alienated".
Also termed as "advance medical directive", it is a direction issued by an individual that "he or she shall or shall not be given medical treatment in future when or he she becomes terminally ill". He was seen on the TV lauding the verdict as a "historical ruling" and said, "The whole world takes birth crying, but Mahavira taught us to die laughing". Passive euthanasia is a condition where there is withdrawal of medical treatment with the deliberate intention to hasten the death of a terminally-ill patient. He further clarified that while active euthanasia is a crime, same is not the case with passive euthanasia as the element of good faith and objective assessment of the caregiver of the patient will protect doctors performing this task.
In 2011, the top court had recognised passive euthanasia in Aruna Shanbaug's case by which it had permitted withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from patients not in a position to make an informed decision.
Aruna Shanbaug: The KEM nurse who was strangulated and sodomised by a sweeper in 1973 leading to her spending the rest of her life in vegetative state drew a wide spread attention. "But I suspect that some of the procedures built into the implementation of advanced medical directives may be too cumbersome to be understood by the people who need them".