The leader of France's far right National Front party Marine Le Pen was charged on Thursday over her tweeting of gruesome images of Isis atrocities in the Middle East, which included a photo of the decapitated body of USA reporter James Foley.
Ms Le Pen has been charged along with Gilbert Collard, a 70-year-old lawyer and MP with close links to Ms Le Pen's party.
One of the pictures showed the body of James Foley, an American journalist beheaded by the Sunni extremists.
Another image showed a man in a jumpsuit, in a cage, being burned alive.
Marine Le Pen, who dropped the Front National brand during her failed presidential bid previous year, will ask members to agree to replace the name, which insiders say puts off potential voters and is an obstacle to alliances with other groups.
French prosecutors opened an investigation in December 2015 into the graphic series of tweets by National Front leader Le Pen, which included a photo of the decapitated body of USA reporter James Foley.
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On Thursday, Le Pen defended her decision to tweet the images.
Le Pen initially invoked parliamentary immunity to escape judicial pursuit regarding the IS messages, but the French Parliament lifted her immunity in September and the charges will now proceed.
At the time of the outcry over her tweets Le Pen told French news agency AFP: "I am being charged for having condemned the horrors of Daesh".
Authorities started an investigation into the social media posts in 2015, shortly after Le Pen wrote them.
The 49-year-old leader of France's far-Right National Front has denied any wrongdoing, but now faces trial in the Paris suburb of Nanterre.
Ms Le Pen's father, the FN founder Jean-Marie Le Pen, is a convicted racist, anti-Semite and Holocaust denier. "It's an occupation of swaths of territory, of areas in which religious laws apply ... for sure, there are no tanks, no soldiers, but it's an occupation all the same and it weighs on people", she said.